If you have a child living outside of the EU, you can still be entitled to German child benefit. To do this, you must meet one of the following requirements:
In addition, you are employed in Germany subject to social security contributions or receive unemployment benefits or sickness benefits.
How much money can you get?
Child benefit can only be applied 6 months back and the amounts are the followings since July 1, 2019:
Unless your non-EU country has a social security agreement with Germany, you can't claim child benefit for a foreign child living abroad. For example, there is no such agreement between Germany and Ukraine. It means the whole Ukrainian family must be living and working with a valid settlement or residence permit in Germany in order to receive the entire child benefit.
Children in Algeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Morocco, Montenegro, Serbia, Tunisia or Turkey are only entitled to child benefit if the applicant is an employee within the meaning of the Agreement on Social Security between Germany and the given country.
The German child benefit rates for children in these countries or for children who are staying in Germany only temporarily are:
For which children can you get German child benefit?
Children up to the age of 18 years:
Grandchildren and foster children can only be considered if the applicant has taken them into his or her household in Germany.
Once the child turns 18, child benefit will only be paid under certain circumstances, for example due to a disability or studying at a university until the age of 25.