Are you working in Germany and have children? Then you can apply for German child benefits.
Child benefit or Kindergeld is a financial allowance for parents for the upbringing and maintenance of their child/children. In Germany, child benefits are considered one of the most important allowances.
The basic prerequisite for entitlement to child benefit is compulsory social insurance in Germany, which you automatically receive due to your employment. This means that if you are working in Germany, you are compulsorily insured and probably entitled to benefits.
You are also entitled to benefits if one parent works in Germany and the children live in their home country or in another EU country with the other parent. In this context, a separated family is considered to be a family living in the same household and the parent working in Germany can also receive the benefit.
If the allowance is paid in the home country, it can also be paid from Germany. These are calculated so that the final sum of the benefits from both countries equals the maximum amount abroad. In other words, the German allowance will be reduced by the amount of the home country allowance.
Child benefit entitlement does not arise for part-time work minijob as no social security or health insurance contributions are deducted.
Only one of the child's legal guardians can apply for child benefit, e.g. the child's mother or father, or an adoptive or grandparent parent.
From 1 January 2023, the amount of child benefits is €250 per month for each child.
Comparison with 2022:
|Rok||First and second child||Third child||Fourth and each additional child|
The application for child benefit is made to the relevant Familienkasse office using forms E 401* and E 411. You will also need copies of the following documents with your application:
*Since 2023, this form does not need to be documented, all information on marital status and residence is obtained by the Finance Office in its own jurisdiction.
Are you looking into finding a side job in Germany? Were you thinking about minijob? We summarized everything you need to know in this article.
You can receive child benefits for each child up to the age of 18. Older children, or children up to the age of 25, can also receive the allowance, provided they continue their education at secondary or higher education level. In this case, the Familienkasse must be informed of this situation by means of the E 402 form, which is certified by the school.
If you are already receiving child benefit, make sure you report any changes concerning you or your child to the Familienkasse. This could be a change of employer, a change of residence, a change of bank account or a change related to your child's studies.
Important: Child benefit can be claimed up to 6 months retrospectively.
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